Idaho UTV Laws – Restricted Plate

Restricted License Plate – UTV Laws In Idaho                   Updated 5-22-2018

This is a what I can find about UTVs Restricted License Plate and riding your UTV in the State of Idaho on the road and off road. You read all the laws and come to your own decision if it is legal to ride a UTV on the road in Idaho. Make sure you read only the parts of the law that apply to UTVs. Don’t go by what your buddy told you or the police officer that stops you, they probably don’t know what the laws say. READ THE LAWS BELOW!

The Idaho Parks & Recreation website now has what you need to ride your UTV on the roads! Check it out! Just fill out the “My Summer Vehicle” “What’s Required” and it will tell you what you need to ride on roads or trails. My Summer Vehicle

The following is taken from the “Off-Highway Vehicles In Idaho” brochure page 8 put out by Idaho Parks &  Recreation. These are the requirements and recommendations for operating a OHV on city, county, and highway district roads. This all you need according to the laws of Idaho.

CITY & COUNTY ROADS
The following requirements must be met on city, county, and highway district roads. Certain roads may be closed by local jurisdiction. Check with local jurisdiction for information on roads open to OHV use.
• Valid restricted vehicle license plate. IC 49-402(4)
• Valid IDPR OHV registration sticker affixed to restricted vehicle license plate. IC 67-7122
• Valid driver’s license. IC 49-301
• Liability insurance or alternative insurance. IC 49-1223 or IC 49-1232
• A helmet under age 18. IC 49-666
• Muffler and U.S. Forest Service approved spark arrestor.  Your muffler must be at or below 96dB at the half-meter test. SAE J1287. IC 67-7125

For safe operation on roads the following equipment is recommended:
• Brake light.
• Headlight and taillight after dark/poor visibility.
• Horn audible at 200 feet.
• Mirror showing roadway 200 feet behind the OHV

My conclusion is you can drive a UTV on the street if you comply to the above regulations. (See Idaho Parks & Recreation Brochure) You can cross a non-full access-controlled highway at a public road intersection, a UTV shall be permitted to travel upon that portion of any non-full access-controlled state highway with a speed limit of forty-five (45) miles per hour or less lying within and extending one (1) mile beyond the boundaries of a municipality unless restricted by the Idaho transportation board or closed by a political subdivision of the state of Idaho. (City, County, State Government) There is a list of requirements in the Off-Highway Vehicle Law Enforcement Information Brochure from Idaho Parks & Recreation also. This might help to guide you. READ THE LAWS BELOW!


TITLE 49
MOTOR VEHICLES
CHAPTER 4
MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION

49-402. Annual registration. (1) The annual fee for operating each pickup truck, each neighborhood electric vehicle and each other motor vehicle having a maximum gross weight not in excess of eight thousand (8,000) pounds and that complies with the federal motor vehicle safety standards as defined in section 49-107, Idaho Code, shall be:

Vehicles one (1) and two (2) years old …………………. $69.00
Vehicles three (3) and four (4) years old ………………. $57.00
Vehicles five (5) and six (6) years old ………………… $57.00
Vehicles seven (7) and eight (8) years old ……………… $45.00
Vehicles over eight (8) years old ……………………… $45.00

There shall be twelve (12) registration periods, starting in January for holders of validation registration stickers numbered 1, and proceeding consecutively through December for holders of validation registration stickers numbered 12, each of which shall start on the first day of a calendar month and end on the last day of the twelfth month from the first day of the beginning month. Registration periods shall expire midnight on the last day of the registration period in the year designated by the validation registration sticker. The numeral digit on the validation registration stickers shall, as does the registration card, fix the registration period under the staggered registration system for the purpose of reregistration and notice of expiration.

A vehicle that has once been registered for any of the above designated periods shall, upon reregistration, be registered for the period bearing the same number, and the registration card shall show and be the exclusive proof of the expiration date of registration and licensing. Vehicles may be initially registered for less than a twelve (12) month period, or for more than a twelve (12) month period, and the fee prorated on a monthly basis if the fractional registration tends to fulfill the purpose of the monthly series registration system.

(2) For all school buses operated either by a nonprofit, nonpublic school or operated pursuant to a service contract with a school district for transporting children to or from school or in connection with school approved activities, the annual fee shall be twenty-four dollars ($24.00) and shall be subject to staggered registration for the purpose of reregistration and notice of expiration.

(3) For all motorcycles and motor-driven cycles which comply with the federal motor vehicle safety standards, operated upon the public highways, the annual fee shall be nineteen dollars ($19.00) and shall be subject to staggered registration for the purpose of reregistration and notice of expiration.

(4) For operation of an all-terrain vehicle, utility type vehicle or motorbike, excluding a motorbike with an engine displacement of fifty (50) cubic centimeters or less, on city, county or highway district roads or highways open to such use, a restricted vehicle license plate fee pursuant to section 49-450, Idaho Code, shall be paid. In addition, the registration fee specified in section 67-7122, Idaho Code, shall be paid as provided in section 67-7122, Idaho Code. The registration and restricted vehicle license plate exemption provided in section 49-426(2), Idaho Code, applies to all-terrain vehicles, utility type vehicles, motorbikes and motorcycles used for the purposes described in subsection (2) of section 49-426, Idaho Code. Nonresidents shall be allowed to purchase a restricted vehicle license plate and sticker for an all-terrain vehicle, utility type vehicle or motorbike.


TITLE 49
MOTOR VEHICLES
CHAPTER 4
MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION

49-450. Additional fee for each plate issued. In addition to the vehicle registration fee provided by law, whenever any plate is issued for vehicle registration, there shall be charged a fee of three dollars ($3.00) per plate, which shall be deposited into the plate manufacturing account created in section 49-450A, Idaho Code. The actual cost of producing and distributing license plates and the fifty cents ($.50) per plate fee designated to the Idaho heritage trust for the use of the copyrighted design provided for in section 49-443(1), Idaho Code, shall be paid from the plate manufacturing account. The difference between deposits into the account and disbursements out of the account not required for future obligations shall be transferred by the state controller from the plate manufacturing account to the highway distribution account as established in section 40-701, Idaho Code, for apportionment as designated in that section. Funds designated to the Idaho heritage trust shall be matched with equal funds from other sources for funding projects designed to preserve Idaho’s historic resources.


TITLE 67
STATE GOVERNMENT AND STATE AFFAIRS
CHAPTER 71
RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

67-7122. application for certificate of number — attachment of validation stickers — certificate — fees. (1) On or before January 1 of each year, the owner of any all-terrain vehicle, motorbike, specialty off-highway vehicle or utility type vehicle as defined in section 67-7101, Idaho Code, or any motorcycle as defined in section 49-114, Idaho Code, used off public highways, on highways located on state lands or federal lands which are not part of the highway system of the state of Idaho or on highways as prescribed in section 49-426(3) and (4), Idaho Code, but excluding those vehicles used exclusively on private land for agricultural use or used exclusively for snow removal purposes as provided in section 49-426(2), Idaho Code, shall obtain a number certificate for that vehicle at any vendor authorized by the department. Effective January 1, 2010, a fee of twelve dollars ($12.00) shall be charged for each number certificate, which fee includes a one dollar and fifty cent ($1.50) fee to be retained by the vendor and the remainder of which shall be remitted to the department together with information noting the number of the certificate issued, the identity of the owner that purchased the number certificate, the owner’s designated county use area and the type of machine to which the owner will affix the certificate of number, e.g., motorbike, all-terrain vehicle, utility type vehicle or specialty off-highway vehicle. The foregoing shall not prohibit the department from collecting such further information as it may deem necessary or helpful to its administrative duties under this chapter.

(2) At the time of sale from any dealer, each motorbike, all-terrain vehicle or utility type vehicle sold to an Idaho resident, but excluding those vehicles to be used exclusively on private land for agricultural use or used exclusively for snow removal purposes as provided in section 49-426(2), Idaho Code, must obtain a number certificate.

(a) Application blanks and validation stickers shall be supplied by the department and the validation sticker shall be issued to the person making application for number certificate.

(b) All number certificates that are issued shall be in force through December 31 of the issued year. All number certificates shall be renewed by the owner of the all-terrain vehicle, motorbike, specialty off-highway vehicle or utility type vehicle in the same manner provided for in the initial securing of the same or with any vendor authorized by the department. A vendor issuing a renewal number certificate shall retain a one dollar and fifty cent ($1.50) vendor fee and remit the remainder of the twelve dollar ($12.00) renewal number certificate fee to the department together with information noting the number of the certificate issued, the identity of the owner that purchased the number certificate, the owner’s designated county use area, and the type of machine to which the owner will affix the validation stickers, e.g., motorbike, all-terrain vehicle, utility type vehicle or specialty off-highway vehicle. The foregoing shall not prohibit the department from collecting such additional information as it may deem necessary or helpful to its administrative duties under this chapter.

(c) The issued validation sticker shall be placed upon the restricted vehicle license plate of the all-terrain vehicle, motorbike or utility type vehicle, or upon the right fork of a vehicle registered pursuant to section 49-402(3), Idaho Code, or of a motorbike if used exclusively off-highway, or upon the rear fender of an all-terrain vehicle, specialty off-highway vehicle or utility type vehicle if used exclusively off-highway. The placement shall be made in such a manner that it is completely visible, does not cover the license plate numbers or letters, if licensed, and shall be kept in a legible condition at all times.

(3) For operation of a motorbike that meets the requirements specified in section 49-114(10), Idaho Code, on the public highways, the vehicle shall also be registered pursuant to the provisions of section 49-402(3), Idaho Code. A motorbike that meets the requirements specified in section 49-114(10), Idaho Code, and that is registered pursuant to section 49-402(3), Idaho Code, shall not be required to obtain a restricted license plate pursuant to section 49-402(4), Idaho Code. A motorbike, all-terrain vehicle, specialty off-highway vehicle or utility type vehicle operated exclusively off-highway or on highways located on state lands or federal lands which are not part of the highway system of the state of Idaho and that meet the registration requirements specified in this section shall not be required to obtain a restricted vehicle license plate pursuant to section 49-402(4), Idaho Code.

(4) Nonresidents shall be allowed to purchase a restricted vehicle license plate pursuant to section 49-402(4), Idaho Code, and/or a number certificate for an all-terrain vehicle, motorbike or utility type vehicle.


TITLE 49
MOTOR VEHICLES
CHAPTER 4
MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION

49-426. Exemptions from operating fees. The provisions of this chapter with respect to operating fees shall not apply to:

(1) Motor vehicles owned or leased by the United States, the state, a city, a county, any department thereof, any political subdivision or municipal corporation of the state, any taxing district of the state, any state registered nonprofit subscription fire protection unit, or any organization, whether incorporated or unincorporated, organized for the operation, maintenance, or management of an irrigation project or irrigation works or system or for the purpose of furnishing water to its members or shareholders, but in other respects shall be applicable.

(2) Farm tractors, implements of husbandry, those manufactured homes which qualify for an exemption under the provisions of section 49-422, Idaho Code, road rollers, wheel mounted tar buckets, portable concrete and/or mortar mixers, wheel mounted compressors, tow dollies, portable toilet trailers, street sweepers, other construction equipment, forestry equipment, lawn and grounds equipment and similar devices as determined by the department which are temporarily operated or moved upon the highways need not be registered under the provisions of this chapter, nor shall implements of husbandry be considered towed units under registration of vehicle combinations as defined in section 49-108(2), Idaho Code. In addition, self-propelled wheelchairs, three-wheeled bicycles, wheelchair conveyances, golf carts, lawn mowers, and scooters operated by persons who by reason of physical disability are otherwise unable to move about as pedestrians shall be exempt from registration requirements under the provisions of this chapter. Motorcycles, motorbikes, utility type vehicles and all-terrain vehicles need not be licensed under the provisions of this chapter or numbered pursuant to the provisions of section 67-7122, Idaho Code, if they are being used exclusively in connection with agricultural, horticultural, dairy and livestock growing and feeding operations or used exclusively for snow removal purposes. Travel upon the public highways shall be limited to travel between farm or ranch locations. Motorcycles, motorbikes, utility type vehicles and all-terrain vehicles used for this purpose shall meet the emblem requirements of section 49-619, Idaho Code.

(3) Any political subdivision of the state of Idaho may, but only after sufficient public notice is given and a public hearing held, adopt local ordinances or resolutions designating highways or sections of highways under its jurisdiction which are closed to all-terrain vehicles, utility type vehicles, specialty off-highway vehicles and motorbikes licensed pursuant to this chapter and numbered pursuant to section 67-7122, Idaho Code. The operation of licensed and numbered all-terrain vehicles, utility type vehicles and motorbikes and those vehicles exempt from licensing and numbering pursuant to subsection (2) of this section shall not be permitted on controlled access highways, except as provided in subsection (4) of this section. The requirements of title 18 and chapters 2, 3, 6, 8, 12, 13 and 14, title 49, Idaho Code, shall apply to the operation of any all-terrain vehicle, utility type vehicle or motorbike upon highways. Costs related to the posting of signs on highways or sections of highways that are closed to such vehicles, indicating the ordinance, are eligible for reimbursement through the motorbike recreation account created in section 67-7126, Idaho Code.

(4) The Idaho transportation board may designate sections of state highways upon which all-terrain vehicles, utility type vehicles, specialty off-highway vehicles and motorbikes may travel. All-terrain vehicles, utility type vehicles, specialty off-highway vehicles and motorbikes shall be permitted to cross a non-full access-controlled highway at a public road intersection. All-terrain vehicles, utility type vehicles, specialty off-highway vehicles and motorbikes shall be permitted to travel upon that portion of any non-full access-controlled state highway with a speed limit of forty-five (45) miles per hour or less lying within and extending one (1) mile beyond the boundaries of a municipality unless restricted by the Idaho transportation board or closed as provided in subsection (3) of this section. The requirements of title 18 and chapters 2, 3, 6, 8, 12, 13 and 14, title 49, Idaho Code, shall apply to the operation of all-terrain vehicles, utility type vehicles, specialty off-highway vehicles and motorbikes when upon state highways.

(5) All-terrain vehicles, utility type vehicles, specialty off-highway vehicles and motorbikes may be used on highways located on state lands or federal lands which are not part of the highway system of the state of Idaho, provided the numbering requirements of section 67-7122, Idaho Code, are met.

Title 18 is CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS

Title 49 Chapter 2 General Duties & Authority
Title 49 Chapter 3 Drivers License
Title 49 Chapter 6 Rules Of The Road
Title 49 Chapter 8 Signs, Signals, And Markings
Title 49 Chapter 12 Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility (Insurance)
Title 49 Chapter 13 Accidents
Title 49 Chapter 14 Traffic – Enforcement And General Provisions

(As far as it goes for windshields, wipers, mud flaps, and other Equipment that is covered in Title 49 Chapter 9 Vehicle Equipment, UTVs DO NOT have to have this Equipment because Title 49 Chapter 9 Vehicle Equipment IS NOT a required chapter according to Title 49 Chapter 4, 49-426 Paragraphs (3) and (4) of the Idaho Code. See the Parks And Recreation Brochure below for what is highly suggested required equipment.)


TITLE 67
STATE GOVERNMENT AND STATE AFFAIRS
CHAPTER 71
RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

67-7101. Definitions. In this chapter:

(1) “All-terrain vehicle” or “ATV” means any recreational motor vehicle designed for or capable of traveling off developed roadways and highways with three (3) or more tires and fifty (50) inches or less in width, having a wheelbase of sixty-one (61) inches or less, has handlebar steering and a seat designed to be straddled by the operator.

(2) “Board” means the park and recreation board created under authority of section 67-4221, Idaho Code.

(3) “Bona fide snowmobile program” means services or facilities as approved by the department that will benefit snowmobilers such as snowmobile trail grooming, plowing and maintaining snowmobile parking areas and facilities, and trail signing.

(4) “Dealer” means any person who engages in the retail sales of or rental of snowmobiles, motorbikes, utility type vehicles or all-terrain vehicles.

(5) “Department” means the Idaho department of parks and recreation.

(6) “Designated parking area” means an area located, constructed, maintained, and signed with the approval of the land manager or owner.

(7) “Director” means the director of the department of parks and recreation.

(8) “Highway.” (See section 40-109, Idaho Code, but excepting public roadway as defined in this section)

(9) “Motorbike” means any self-propelled two (2) wheeled motorcycle or motor-driven cycle, excluding tractor, designed for or capable of traveling off developed roadways and highways and also referred to as trailbikes, enduro bikes, trials bikes, motocross bikes or dual purpose motorcycles.

(10) “Off-highway vehicle” means an all-terrain vehicle, motorbike, specialty off-highway vehicle or utility type vehicle as defined in this section.

(11) “Operator” means any person who is in physical control of a motorbike, all-terrain vehicle, utility type vehicle, specialty off-highway vehicle or snowmobile.

(12) “Owner” means every person holding record title to a motorbike, all-terrain vehicle, utility type vehicle, specialty off-highway vehicle or snowmobile and entitled to the use or possession thereof, other than a lienholder or other person having a security interest only.

(13) “Person” means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, or any other body or group of persons, whether incorporated or not, and regardless of the degree of formal organization.

(14) “Public roadway” means all portions of any highway which are controlled by an authority other than the Idaho transportation department.

(15) “Snowmobile” means any self-propelled vehicle under two thousand (2,000) pounds unladened gross weight, designed primarily for travel on snow or ice or over natural terrain, which may be steered by tracks, skis, or runners.

(16) “Specialty off-highway vehicle” means any vehicle manufactured, designed or constructed exclusively for off-highway operation that does not fit the definition of an all-terrain vehicle, utility type vehicle or motorbike as defined in this section. The vehicle classification provided for in this subsection shall become effective on January 1, 2010.

(17) “Utility type vehicle” or “UTV” means any recreational motor vehicle other than an ATV, motorbike or snowmobile as defined in this section, designed for and capable of travel over designated roads, traveling on four (4) or more tires, maximum width less than seventy-four (74) inches, maximum weight less than two thousand (2,000) pounds, and having a wheelbase of one hundred ten (110) inches or less. A utility type vehicle must have a minimum width of fifty (50) inches, a minimum weight of at least nine hundred (900) pounds or a wheelbase of over sixty-one (61) inches. Utility type vehicle does not include golf carts, vehicles specially designed to carry a disabled person, implements of husbandry as defined in section 49-110(2), Idaho Code, or vehicles otherwise registered under title 49, Idaho Code. A “utility type vehicle” or “UTV” also means a recreational off-highway vehicle or ROV.

(18) “Vendor” means any entity authorized by the department to sell recreational certificates of number.

(19) “Winter recreational parking locations” means designated parking areas established and maintained with funds acquired from the cross-country skiing account.


TITLE 40
HIGHWAYS AND BRIDGES
CHAPTER 1
DEFINITIONS

40-109. Definitions — H.

(1) “Highway district system” means all public highways within each highway district, except those included within the state highway system, those under another state agency, those included within city highway systems of incorporated cities with a functioning street department, and those under federal control.

(2) “Highway system, county.” (See “County highway system,” section 40-104, Idaho Code)

(3) “Highway system, state.” (See “State highway system,” section 40-120, Idaho Code)

(4) “Highway users’ fund bonds” mean those bonds issued for and on behalf of dissolved city highway systems or highway districts, and the funds out of which those bonds are repayable shall be the moneys received or provided by section 40-707, Idaho Code.

(5) “Highways” mean roads, streets, alleys and bridges laid out or established for the public or dedicated or abandoned to the public. Highways shall include necessary culverts, sluices, drains, ditches, waterways, embankments, retaining walls, bridges, tunnels, grade separation structures, roadside improvements, adjacent lands or interests lawfully acquired, pedestrian facilities, and any other structures, works or fixtures incidental to the preservation or improvement of the highways. Roads laid out and recorded as highways, by order of a board of commissioners, and all roads used as such for a period of five (5) years, provided they shall have been worked and kept up at the expense of the public, or located and recorded by order of a board of commissioners, are highways.


Boise City Code (Ordinance against ATV Operation, NOT UTV)
Chapter 10-10
DRIVING RULES AND REGULATIONS
Section 10-10-10 OPERATING ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES IN THE CITY OF BOISE
It shall be unlawful for any person to operate an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) within the Boise City limits on any public street or highway, including controlled access highways, or upon any public property or private property open to the public unless; the vehicle is actively being used for snow removal purposes or for an agricultural, horticultural, dairy or livestock growing or feeding purpose. All other uses are strictly prohibited and a driver cited under this code section shall be subject to an infraction with a penalty of seventy-five dollars ($75.00) plus court costs.


All-Terrain Vehicles (Taken From DMV.ORG. I could not find anything under the Idaho DMV)

Registration

To drive your all-terrain vehicle (ATV) on the highway or public roads in Idaho, you must register it with the Idaho Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) and purchase a license plate. The process is similar to registering a standard car. For more information, visit our Register Car in Idaho page.

If you’re going to drive your ATV on private land or official off-road areas, get an off-road sticker from the Idaho Department of Parks and Recreation IDPR or through your local county assessor’s office.

If you’re an Idaho farmer and only operate your ATV on your own property, you are not required to register it, but the ID DMV encourages that you do so regardless.

NOTE: A “restricted use” license plate is now required for all off-highway vehicles (OHVs) in Idaho. The license plate, along with an OHV registration sticker, allows you to operate your OHV on forest service roads, unless otherwise posted. The license plate and registration sticker can ONLY be obtained from your local Idaho DMV office.

Titling

You must title an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) in Idaho; this protects you if it’s stolen. Title your ATV at your local ID DMV office. If you purchased your ATV from a dealer, they may take care of the registration and titling for you.

Fees to Register and Title an ATV

A yearly off-road sticker from the IDPR costs $12; the county assessor also sells these. Certain IDPR areas require you to have a license plate and a sticker; check with the IDPR for these locations.

Whether you drive your ATV off-road or not, the title fee is $14, plus sales tax (6% of the price you paid for the vehicle)


Below is the Idaho Parks and Recreation Brochure that covers what they require to operate a UTV on the road in Idaho.

Off-Highway-Vehicles-In-Idaho-2017

Below is the Off Highway Vehicle Law Enforcement information Brochure.

ID_OHV_LE_2016_Small

Page Last Updated 7-14-2017